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REQUIREMENTS

Two-Party Intimidation

  1. A must deliver an unlawful threat to B;

  2. Intending to cause harm to B;

  3. A's threat must cause B's subsequent conduct; and

  4. Result in harm to B. 

Three-Party Intimidation 

  1. A must deliver an unlawful threat to B;

  2. Intending to cause harm to C;

  3. A's threat must cause B's subsequent conduct; and

  4. Result in harm to C.

Burns & Blom, Economic Interests in Canadian Tort Law  (Markham: LexisNexis, 2009), at 128, see also A.I. Enterprises Ltd.  v. Bram Enterprises Ltd., 2014 SCC 12, at para. 65.